With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, more farmers are now giving hemp growing a try. If you are one of them, you’ve probably already heard about feminized hemp seeds but aren’t really sure what they are. If you are new to hemp farming, or are just interested to know more about feminized seeds, this article will help shed some light about these seeds and why they are necessary.
What Are Feminized Seeds and How Are They Different from Regular Seeds?
When you grow regular cannabis seeds, there is a 50% chance for them to grow into male plants and 50% chance for them to grow into female plants. This sounds fine, right? However, in the cannabis world, female plants are ultimately superior.
Unfertilized female plants have higher CBD content than their male counterparts. (Image Source: Pixabay)
This is due to the fact that male plants produce lower levels of cannabinoids compared to their female counterparts. Moreover, once the male plants fertilize the rest of the female plants, the cannabinoid levels of the fertilized females are also lowered. Since the money that you’ll earn lies in cannabinoids or CBD, having male plants in your farm is obviously not a good idea.
This is where feminized hemp seeds come in. These seeds are expected to produce female plants only since they contain female genetics, which means that can help farmers increase their yield and earnings.
Why Are Feminized Seeds More Favored by Growers?
By using feminized seeds, growers can avoid the guesswork of whether their plants will grow into males or females. With regular hemp seeds, farmers will still need to carefully monitor their plants so they can identify the males and remove them ASAP. But, with feminized seeds, growing female plants is already guaranteed, which means that farmers can maximize their land, manpower, and other resources.
Choosing feminized seeds will also help growers save time. It usually takes several weeks before one can tell the gender of a hemp plant, so farmers have to wait long only to end up with male plants that must be removed. With feminized seeds, waiting won’t be necessary anymore.
When you have a whole garden full of female hemp plants, the yield is higher. For one, each plant will grow buds that contain the highest possible CBD content. Since there are no male hemp plants on your farm, there is also a zero chance of pollination (which is a big no-no because it lowers the plants’ CBD levels). Of course, you can make the most of all the space in your planting area since each plant will be useful.
Are There Any Disadvantages?
Using feminized seeds is only advantageous if you are focused on producing CBD, which is the more lucrative part of growing hemp plants. However, if your goal is to breed new strains, feminized seeds alone won’t be helpful since you will also need male seeds to cultivate and grow exciting new strains.
There is also the chance of getting poor quality feminized hemp seeds, which may grow into hermaphrodites (hemp plants that are both male and female). You can avoid this scenario, though, by looking for reliable and reputable breeders and ensuring that you’re purchasing high-quality feminized seeds.
How Are Feminized Seeds Produced?
The general concept of creating feminized hemp seeds, which is known as masculinization, starts with inducing a female plant to grow male flowers that contain the viable pollen. The resulting pollen from the induced male flowers can then be used to fertilize female flowers. Since the pollen is derived from a plant that only has the female chromosome, the fertilization process results in female plants.
Masculinization involves carefully stressing a female hemp plant for it to produce male flowers as a response to the threat to its genetic lines. Different stressors are applied, such as disrupting its light cycles and applying heat. These methods are not 100% reliable, though, especially if they’re performed by people without the right level of expertise.
Fortunately, newer and more reliable breeding techniques have been developed in the recent years. This makes the masculinization process easier and provides more guaranteed results. One of the most dependable processes involves the use of certain chemicals like silver nitrate, gibberellic acid, and silver thiosulfate.
All of these chemicals inhibit ethylene production in the plant tissues. Ethylene is the hormone that is responsible for producing flowers. Without it, the flower production will be stopped, and the plant will then form male flowers instead.
Are You Looking for High-Quality Feminized Seeds?
The quality of feminized seeds can vary depending on various factors. So, to ensure that all your hard work will result in high yield, you should only purchase feminized hemp seeds from reputable breeders that are known for their high-quality products and are trusted by many farmers.
One example of a dependable breeder is Trilogene Seeds. We ensure that all of our products are guaranteed to be low in THC levels and high in CBD content, which is what a successful grower looks for in hemp seeds.
How can we be confident that our low THC CBD hemp seeds will yield great results? Simple! We are an industry leader in this field and we love what we do. Our group consists of cannabis industry professionals who do extensive research and development in generating elite hemp genetics.
This Aquawoman has a 94% germination rate with 42:1 CBD to THC ratio.
We follow a two-part process — which involves qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis — in our breeding selections. During qualitative analysis, we use our senses and expertise to find new hemp varietals with perfect characteristics. Once this is completed, we move on to quantitative analysis, which involves running numerous tests to identify the best possible breeds.
In order for a hemp varietal to be part of our list, it has to pass the five standards that are included in the testing part. We check the yield, the plant structure (ensuring that the variety is resistant to pests and most pathogens), the CBD to THC ratio, and the extraction efficiency. We also ensure that the variety contains good terpenoid and flavonoid profiles.
As you can see, our team never cuts corners in our processes. We always set high standards, and this is why we’re number one when it comes to elite hemp genetics. So, if you need high-quality feminized hemp seeds, just get in touch with us and we will be glad to be of help.